The Mass of the Polish National Catholic Church is a very old. There are three liturgies used Contemporary Rite, Traditional Rite and the Rite of Prime Bishop Hodur. The Contemporary is the shortest of the mass types and most used in PNCC parishes it is almost similar to the current Roman mass except some parts are from the other two masses. The Traditional is a little longer but is still widely used it is the older mass used at the time when the PNCC formed. The Prime Bishop Hodur mass is a lot longer but filled with prayers and litanies as well as parts of the Traditional mass are found in this rite.
Polish National Catholics believe that Christ truly becomes his body and blood at the consecration. Communion is given on the tongue of the communicant and the body is dipped into the blood of Christ. Altar rails are common in PNCC parishes and are used for the distribution of communion.
The PNCC regards a humble confession of faults to Almighty God, followed by the assignment of penance and absolution given by the priest, to be the way the congregation normally obtains forgiveness of sins. The sacrament may be administered in one of two ways: public or private. Private confession is required for all members under the age of sixteen while public confession is a part of every Mass. In this form, the faithful confess their sins directly and privately to God. The entire congregation then recites the Prayer of Confession. Adults may avail themselves of private confession if they so wish. The PNCC does not believe that original sin has passed on to succeeding generations.
The PNCC teaches that the utilization of birth control is a matter of personal judgment for husband and wife, rather than the responsibility of church authorities to instruct its members regarding issues of procreation.
The PNCC holds that human life begins at conception and thus abortion is believed to be the ending of a life that has already begun.
The Church believes that “Marriage is the sacrament which makes a Christian man and woman husband and wife, gives them grace to be faithful to each other and to bring up their children in love and devotion to God”. Unlike in the Catholic Church, PNCC deacons are not permitted to officiate at weddings. The PNCC permits divorced people to participate fully in the Mass and to receive the Eucharist. However, the Church does not recognize civil divorce, and an annulment is required for re-marriage. Every diocese has a matrimonial commission that studies each request for marriage by persons who have been divorced. The commission presents its findings and recommendation to the bishop who makes the final decision.
The PNCC permits its clergy to be married, and in practice encourages them to be so, as it is commonly believed that a married priest will have a better understanding of the marital issues facing his parishioners. The Church does not permit women to be ordained either to the diaconate or ministerial priesthood.
The PNCC is governed in accordance with its Constitution. Bishops and priests possess the authority to explain and teach the doctrinal position of the Church in matters of faith, morals and discipline. The legislative authority of the Church is vested in the General Synod, the Special Synod, the Diocesan Synod and the Parish Meeting. In financial and administrative matters, the parishioners possess administrative authority. Representatives elected at the Annual Parish Meeting, and confirmed by the diocesan Bishop, exercise their constitutional authority in cooperation with the pastor.
The chief legislative body is the General Synod; each parish is entitled to send one delegate for each 50 active members.